The Hellenic Army is one of the first institutions of the new Greek State established in 1822.
The necessity for the formation of a Regular Army, was created immediately after the declaration of the Greek Revolution in 1821. Until then, the struggle was conducted by revolutionary groups, mostly consisted of Patriots devoted to the idea of freedom but lacking military training and discipline. That was the main reason, despite the initial considerable successes of the war, which led the revolutionary authorities and governments to the gradual organization of the Regular Army.
Therefore, on 1st April 1822, the first Greek government issued the law “Concerning Army Organization” that shaped the basis of all later military legislation.
The Hellenic Army is organized in Independent Modules, Units, Regiments and Formations. Those elements fulfill the Combat, Combat Support and Combat Service Support functions.
The mission of the Hellenic Army today, as part of the Hellenic Armed Forces, is to guarantee the defense of the country and defend the national independence and the territorial integrity of the homeland.
In specific, the main task of the Combat elements is to conduct the battle being in close contact with the enemy (Infantry, Armour, Attack Helicopters).
Moreover, the Combat Support Elements participate in the battle by providing direct support to the maneuvering combat elements (Artillery, Engineers, Signals).
Finally, Combat Service Support elements are responsible for providing the Combat and Combat Support elements with the appropriate logistic support.
During the peacetime period the main works of the Hellenic Army within the operational framework of the Hellenic Armed Forces are listed below:
- Deterrence activities which consist of various exercises, at every level, as well as readiness evaluations;
- Live Firing activities with all of the Hellenic Army’s weapon systems;
- Corporative activities with the Navy and the Air Force, aiming at improving jointness and interoperability of all three Services;
- Peace Support Activities: Greece as a full member of UN, NATO, EU, and other International Organizations, participates in peacekeeping missions, giving particular emphasis on those occurring in the regions of its immediate interest. The Hellenic contribution in peacekeeping missions is subject to certain fundamental conditions, such as the existence of a UN Resolution as well as the adoption of clear Rules of Engagement. Peace support operations in which the Hellenic Army has participated in the last decade of the 20th Century and early 21st Century, demonstrated that the Hellenic Army can adjust quickly to the requirements of each separate mission;
- Social and Civil Support Activities, which include the assistance offered to civil authorities, in dealing with various emergency events, as well as to many social groups who need special care.