Romanian Gendarmerie is State’s specialized institution, with military status, within the Ministry of Internal Affairs which, according to the law, exercises its attributions on protection of public order and safety, citizens’ rights and fundamental liberties, public and private property, crime prevention and detection and other infringements of laws into force, as well as protection of State’s fundamental institutions and countering of terrorist acts.
The Romanian Gendarmerie was founded in 1850, when the ruler Grigore Alexandru Ghica, approved the decision of People Assembly and promulgated The Rule for Reform of the Corps Servants in Gendarmes.
The transformation process of Romanian society have decisively contributed to reformation of Gendarmerie and elaboration of a new concept concerning the position and the role of public order forces at the end of 20th and the beginning of the 21st century.
Romanian Gendarmerie Organic Law states that Romanian Gendarmerie, through its specialized structures has the following attributions: protection of life, corporal integrity and freedom of persons, public and private property, citizens, community and State legitimate interests; ensuring public order during meetings, marches, demonstrations, processions, strike pickets, promotional and commercial activities, cultural-artistic, sports, religious, memorial activities and also other similar activities carried out in public areas and involving people crowds; re-establish the public order when it has been disturbed by any kind of actions and deeds against the law into force; maintain public order to prevent and detect crimes within mountain resorts and tourist routes, as well as on the Black Sea coast, in the Danube Delta, in resorts or in other operational interest areas; participates in anti-terrorist intervention missions in the objectives under the Gendarmerie responsibility or in missions for capturing and neutralizing persons using fire arms or other means that put into danger the safety of persons, goods, values and special transports; ensures the guard and protection of certain important values transport, as well as fire arms, ammunition, explosive materials, drugs, toxic, radioactive and other dangerous substances transport, defined by law; participates in limiting and eliminating the natural, technological, environmental or complex disaster consequences; participates in missions outside the Romanian territory with its own staff and technique, in training activities, in setting up of international forces for performing certain missions within the conflict and managing crisis situations preventing missions; it also participates in increasing-counseling, assistance, training, control activities of the local order forces or of these forces substitution on their domains of activity; elaborates the necessary documents for the beginning of the judicial procedure for the offences detected during the specific missions in accordance with the provisions of the Criminal Procedure Code; carries out activities of documentation and research for establishing the operational data base of operational interest, necessary to accomplish the specific missions regarding the persons known with previous activity in perpetrating disorder acts in public manifestations, the known persons belonging to groups with hooligan behavior, and also with other operational information, necessary to accomplish the missions.
Starting 2002, Romanian Gendarmerie is a full member of the FIEP. As it carried out its first mandate in 2008, the Romanian Presidency of FIEP had a significant contribution to the Association’s update, by promoting expansion of new cooperation fields.
Romanian Gendarmerie has become a member of the EUROGENDFOR since 2008. As an operational entity, this initiative represents a new and increasingly important actor within the international operations / missions, as well as a formal recognition of a Gendarmerie Force at global level.
Further information: http://www.jandarmeriaromana.ro